Highlighting and underlining

Most students mark too many words and phrases, so the markings lose their value. Highlighting and underlining can be helpful if used judiciously to identify key words and phrases for creating an outline of reading material.

Just summarizing class content

Summarizing is not useless, but it makes no connections among topics and does not change the form of the information. To be effective, summarizing must be used along with some of the strategies you will learn about next.

Rereading text over and over

Passively scanning information repeatedly without interaction or questioning does not move it into long-term memory or increase comprehension.